Cumberland River Drainage

Pirate Perch (Aphredoderus sayanus)

Pirate Perch are distributed in Coastal Plain habitats from Texas to New York, including low-lying Mississippi River and Great Lakes drainages through the Midwest. They are most closely associated with backwater habitats with vegetation, including slow streams, oxbows, and swamps. The most unusual character of this species is the positioning of the anus directly behind the gills on the underside of the throat in adults, which migrates during development from a position just before the anal fin in juveniles.

Mountain Brook Lamprey (Ichthyomyzon greeleyi)

The Mountain Brook Lamprey has a fragmented distribution across the entire Ohio River basin from Alabama to New York. Adults are found in small upland streams with gravel substrates while larvae (ammocoetes) are found along river banks in soft substrate. Mountain Brook Lampreys are non-parasitic, meaning they do not have functional teeth on their oral disc and do not feed as adults.

Mud Darter (Etheostoma asprigene)

The Mud Darter is a widespread species found from the Coastal Plain in Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi north through the Mississippi Embayment to Wisconsin and Minnesota. They inhabit slow-flowing riffles that are over rocks and debris. This species has five to six dark vertical bars on the back of their body.

American Eel (Anguilla rostrata)

The American Eel is found across much of eastern North America from Newfoundland to Texas and south to South America. While they live in streams and rivers for most of their lives, they migrate as adults into the Atlantic Ocean where they spawn and die. Larvae are moved by ocean currents back to shoreline habitats where they migrate back up into rivers. American Eels have a snake-like body with a long dorsal fin and can be distinguished from Lampreys by their jaws.

White Sucker (Catostomus commersonii)

The White Sucker is found across middle and northern North America, including the Tennessee and Cumberland river drainages. They live in many different habitats, though predominately in smaller streams and rivers. The White Sucker has small scales and a rounded body.

Highfin Carpsucker (Carpiodes velifer)

The Highfin Carpsucker is widespread in the Mississippi River Drainage as well as southeastern Gulf and Atlantic Slope drainages. They live in many different habitats, though predominately large rivers. As their common name suggests, the Highfin Carpsucker has a long and highly curved dorsal fin which is adapted for life in large rivers.

Quillback (Carpiodes cyprinus)

The Quillback is widespread from Florida to western Canada, including the Mobile, Tennessee, and Cumberland river drainages. They live in many different habitats, though predominately large rivers. As their common name suggests, the Quillback has a long and highly curved dorsal fin which is adapted for life in large rivers.

Largescale Stoneroller (Campostoma oligolepis)

The Largescale Stoneroller is widespread from Alabama to Wisconsin. They live in many different habitats of small creeks to medium rivers. They have a ridge made of cartilage on their lower jaw used to scrape algae off of rocks. Breeding males have a pattern of tubercles, horny projections, on their head and body, which are used during courtship.

Central Stoneroller (Campostoma anomalum)

The Central Stoneroller is widespread from the Great Plains to Atlantic Slope drainages in northeastern North America. It is restricted to above Cumberland Falls in the Cumberland River Drainage and to the Blue Ridge physiographic province in the Tennessee River Drainage. Central Stonerollers live in many different habitats of small creeks to medium rivers. They have a ridge made of cartilage on their lower jaw used to scrape algae off of rocks. Breeding males have a pattern of tubercles, horny projections, on their head and body, which are used during courtship.

Freshwater Drum (Aplodinotus grunniens)

The Freshwater Drum has a wide distribution ranging from Central America to Canada. This distribution stretches farther from north to south than any other freshwater fish in North America. Freshwater Drum live at the bottom of large rivers and lakes. Like other members of the Drum family, they are able to make noise (or drumming sounds) using their gas bladder.