Blackside Dace (Chrosomus cumberlandensis)

Description: 

Blackside Dace are a federally threatened species found in the upper Cumberland River Drainage above Cumberland Falls. Coal-mining activities in this area have caused population declines. Like other members of the Redbelly Dace group, male Blackside Daces develop bright breeding colors in the early spring with yellow fins, a red belly, and a golden back.

Literature: 
    (Articles, if available online, are hyperlinked)
    2007
  • Black, T. 2007. Population densities and performance of predictive habitat models for the threatened blackside dace (Phoxinus cumberlandensis). Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee.
  • Black, T., and H.T. Mattingly. 2007. Conservation status of the threatened blackside dace in selected Cumberland River streams. Unpublished final project report submitted to Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office and Kentucky Ecological Services Field Office, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Cookeville, Tennessee and Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • Skelton, C.E.. 2007. Distribution and status of Blackside Dace (Phoxinus cumberlandensis) and Clinch Dace (Phoxinus sp. cf. saylori) in the Upper Clinch River system, Virginia. Final Report, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, Blacksburg, Virginia.
    2006
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2006. Final Biological Opinion Mill Branch Stream Restoration Project. Cookeville, Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office.
    2005
  • Mattingly, H.T., J.E. Detar, B.K. Jones, and C.F. Walton. 2005. Factors affecting the distribution and recovery of the threatened blackside dace in Kentucky and Tennessee. Unpublished final project report prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office. Cookeville, Tennessee.
  • Strange, R.M. 2005. Genetic variability and relationships of a recently discovered population of Blackside Dace from Rock Creek, McCreary Co., Kentucky. Unpublished report prepared for U. S. Forest Service, Daniel Boone National Forest. Winchester, Kentucky.
  • Kentucky's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. 2005. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.
    2003
  • Strange, R.M. and C.E. Skelton. 2003. Distribution, origin, and taxonomic status of Phoxinus cumberlandensis and Phoxinus sp. cf. saylori in Virginia. Final report. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Abingdon, Virginia. 30 pp.
    2001
  • Roghair, C.N. and J.K. Whalen. 2001. An inventory of stream habitat and blackside dace (Phoxinus cumberlandensis) abundance in the Indian Creek drainage, Daniel Boone National Forest, Kentucky. Unpublished report prepared for U.S. Forest Service, Daniel Boone National Forest. Winchester, Kentucky. 51 pp.
  • Roghair, C.N., J.K. Whalen, and D.R. Nuckols. 2001. Decreased distribution of blackside dace (Phoxinus cumberlandensis) in the Middle Fork Beaver Creek drainage, Daniel Boone National Forest, Kentucky. Unpublished report prepared for U.S. Forest Service, Daniel Boone National Forest. Winchester, Kentucky. 6 pp.
    1997
  • Leftwich, K.N., M.K. Underwood, and C.A. Dolloff. 1997. Distribution and abundance of blackside dace in Big Lick Branch, Ned Branch, and Ryans Creek, Daniel Boone National Forest. Unpublished report prepared for U.S. Forest Service, Daniel Boone National Forest. Winchester, Kentucky. 24 pp.
    1996
  • Cicerello, R.R., and E.L. Laudermilk. 1996. Nesting association of the cyprinid fishes Phoxinus cumberlandensis and Semotilus atromaculatus (Cyprinidae). Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science. 57:47.
    1995
  • Leftwich, K.N., M.K. Underwood, and C.A. Dolloff. 1995. Distribution and abundance of blackside dace in Middle Fork Beaver Creek, Daniel Boone National Forest. Unpublished report prepared for U.S. Forest Service, Daniel Boone National Forest. Winchester, Kentucky. 14 pp.
  • Strange, R.M., and B.M. Burr. 1995. Genetic variability and metapopulation dynamics in the federally threatened blackside dace Phoxinus cumberlandensis (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Unpublished report prepared for Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. Frankfort, Kentucky.
    1994
  • Chen, X.Y. 1994. Morphology, phylogeny, biogeography, and systematics of Phoxinus (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
    1993
  • Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.
    1992
  • Coburn, M.M., and T.M. Cavender. 1992. Interrelationships of North American cyprinid fishes. In: Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes, p. 328–373. R. L. Mayden (ed.). Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.
    1991
  • Stephens, D.E. 1991. Monitoring survey of the blackside dace, Phoxinus cumberlandensis, population in Davis Branch, Bell County, Kentucky. Cumberland Gap National Historic Park, Middlesboro, Kentucky.
    1990
  • O’Bara, C.J. 1990. Distribution and ecology of the blackside dace, Phoxinus cumberlandensis (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae). Brimleyana 16:9-15.
  • Stephens, D.E. 1990. A status survey of the blackside dace, Phoxinus cumberlandensis, in Davis Branch, Bell County, Kentucky. Cumberland Gap National Historic Park, Middlesboro, Kentucky
    1985
  • O’Bara, C.J. 1985. Status survey of the blackside dace (Phoxinus cumberlandensis). Unpublished report prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Asheville, North Carolina.

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