The Coal Darter is found in the Cahaba, Coosa, and Black Warrior river systems of the Mobile Basin in central Alabama. They live over gravel substrate of runs and riffles in small to medium rivers. As the common name suggests, breeding male Coal Darters have dark coloration in their fins. While most darters are found on stream bottoms, members of the genus Percina tend to be found higher in the water column because they retain a swim bladder.
- (Articles, if available online, are hyperlinked)
- Jones, K.D., B.R. Kuhajda, and M.W. Sandel. 2019. Complete mitochondrial genome for the Mobile River Basin endemic Coal Darter, Percina brevicauda (Perciformes, Percidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B. 4:2031-2032.
- Shepard, T.E., P.E. O’Neil, M.F. Mettee, S.W. McGregor, and W.P. Henderson, Jr. 2002. Status surveys of the Cahaba Shiner (Notropis cahabae), Coal Darter (Percina brevicauda), and Tuskaloosa Darter (Etheostoma douglasi) in the Locust Fork and Valley Creek Systems, Alabama. Geological Survey of Alabama Circular 201.
- Suttkus, R.D., B.A. Thompson, and H.L. Bart, Jr. 1994. Two new darters, Percina (Cottogaster), from the southeastern United States, with a review of the subgenus. Occasional Papers Tulane University Museum of Natural History 4.
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