The Fringed Darter is found in headwaters of many drainages, including tributaries to the Tennessee, Cumberland, and Mississippi rivers. They are found over cobble pools and adjacent riffles of smaller streams. Like other members of the subgenus Catonotus, Fringed Darters spawn on the underside of flat rocks. In this group, males of some species have round structures on the rays of their second dorsal fin that are hypothesized to serve as an “egg-mimic” to attract females for spawning. As the common name suggests, their second dorsal fin has a fringed appearance.
- (Articles, if available online, are hyperlinked)
- Speares, P., D. Holt, and C. Johnston. 2011. The relationship between ambient noise and dominant frequency of vocalizations in two species of darters (Percidae: Etheostoma). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 90(1):103-110.
- Knouft, J.H., and L.M. Page. 2004. Nest defense against predators by the male fringed darter (Etheostoma crossopterum). Copeia. 2004(4):915-918.
- Knouft, J.H., L.M. Page, and M.J. Plewa. 2003. Antimicrobial egg cleaning by the fringed darter (Perciformes: Percidae: Etheostoma crossopterum): implications of a novel component of parental care in fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 270(1531):2405-2411.
- Poly, W. J. (2003). Design and evaluation of a translocation strategy for the fringed darter (Etheostoma crossopterum) in Illinois. Biological Conservation. 113:13-22.
- Johnston, C.E., and D.L. Johnson. 2000. Sound production during the spawning season in cavity-nesting darters of the subgenus Catonotus (Percidae: Etheostoma). Copeia. 2000(2):475-481.
- Poly, W.J. 2000. Nest substrates and spawning time of Etheostoma crossopterum in Southern Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science. 3:301-305.
- Poly, W.J., and A.K. Wilson. 1998. The fringed darter, Etheostoma crossopterum, in the Cache river basin of southern Illinois (Percidae: Subgenus Catonotus). Ohio Journal of Science. 98(2):6-9.
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