Smoky Madtom (Noturus baileyi)


As the common name suggests, the Smoky Madtom is a federally endangered species that is restricted to a single creek system in the Smoky Mountains, but has been reintroduced into several other creek systems in the upper Tennessee River Drainage in Tennessee. They live in rocky pools and riffles of small to medium creeks. As members of the catfish family, all madtoms have whiskers (barbels) around their mouth with taste buds that aid in finding food. Like all members of the genus Noturus, Smoky Madtoms are smaller catfish reaching a maximum size of 2.75 inches.

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  • Dinkins, G.R., and P.W. Shute. 1996. Life histories of Noturus baileyi and N. flavipinnis (Pisces: Ictaluridae), two rare madtom catfishes in Citico Creek, Monroe County, Tennessee. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History. 18:43-69.
  • Shute, P.W., P.L. Rakes, and J.R. Shute. 1992. Status report and historical review of reintroduction efforts for the endangered smoky madtom (Noturus baileyi) and threatened yellowfin madtom (Noturus flavipinnis). Report to US Forest Service, Cherokee National Forest, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Asheville Field Office, Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, and National Park Service, Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
  • Dinkins, G.R. 1982. Status survey of the smoky madtom (Noturus baileyi). Final report to the US Fish & Wildlife Service.

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