Pugnose Minnow
Opsopoeodus emiliae
About This Fish

The Pugnose Minnow is found in Gulf and Atlantic coast drainages from Texas to South Carolina, including the Mobile Basin, as well as the Mississippi River north to Minnesota, including the Tennessee and lower Cumberland river drainages. They live over soft substrate in a wide variety of slow water habitats. As the common name suggests, Pugnose Minnows have a small snout and mouth.


Lamothe, K.A., and D.A.R. Drake. 2019. Habitat associations of the Threatened pugnose minnow (Opsopoeodus emiliae) at the northern edge of the species range. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 1-10. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eff.12514

Amemiya, C.T., and J.R. Gold. 1990. Chromosomal NOR phenotypes of seven species of North American Cyprinidae, with comments on cytosystematic relationships of the Notropis volucellus species-group, Opsopoeodus emiliae, and the genus Pteronotropis. Copeia. 68-78. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/John_Gold3/publication/272588477_Chromosomal_NOR_Phenotypes_of_Seven_Species_of_North_American_Cyprinidae_with_Comments_on_Cytosystematic_Relationships_of_the_Notropis_volucellus_Species-Group_Opsopoeodus_emiliae_and_the_Genus_Pteron/links/552925230cf2e089a3a5d2a2.pdf

Page, L.M., and C.E. Johnston. 1990. The breeding behavior of Opsopoeodus emiliae (Cyprinidae) and its phylogenetic implications. Copeia. 4:1176-1180. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1446511

Dimmick, W.W. 1987. Phylogenetic relationships of Notropis hubbsi, N. welaka and N. emiliae (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Copeia. 316-325. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1445767

Campos, H.H., and C. Hubbs. 1973. Taxonomic implications of the karyotype of Opsopoeodus emiliae. Copeia. 1:161-163. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1442381

Gilbert, C.R., and R.M. Bailey. 1972. Systembatics and zoogeography of the american cyprinid fish Notropis (Opsopoeodus) emiliae. Occasional papers of the museum of zoology. 664:1-35. https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/57100/OP664.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y